Tag Archives: clinical manifestations
Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s Disease

Huntington;s disease is a chronic, hereditary disease of the nervous system that results in progressive involuntary choreiform (dance-like) movements and dementia.  Researchers believe that glutamine abnormally collects in certain brain cell nuclei, causing cell death.  Huntington’s disease affects men and women of all races. It is transmitted as an autosomal dominant genetic disorder. Each child […]

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Hodgkin’s Disease

Hodgkin’s Disease

Hodgkin’s disease is a rare cancer of unknown cause that is unicentric in origin and spreads along the lymphatic system. There is a familial pattern associated with Hodkin’s as well as an association with the Epstein-Barr virus (found 40% to 50% of patients). It is more common in men and tends to peak in the […]

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Hyperthyroidism (Grave’s disease)

Hyperthyroidism (Grave’s disease)

Hyperthyroidism is the second most common endocrine disorder and Grave’s disease is the most common type. It results from an excessive output of thyroid hormones due to abnormal stimulation of the thyroid gland  by circulating immunoglobulins. Long-acting thyroid stimulator (LATS) is found significant in concentrations in the serum of many of these patients. The disorder […]

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Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a slowly progressive degenerative  neurologic disorder affecting the brain center that are responsible for control and regulation of movement. The degenerative or idiopathic form of Parkinson’s disease is the most common; there is also a secondary form with a known or suspected cause. The cause of the disease is mostly unknown. The […]

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Cancer of the Cervix

Cancer of the Cervix

               Cancer of the cervix is predominantly (90%) squamous cell cancer and can include adenocarcinomas. It is less common than it once was because of early detection by the Pap test, but it remains the third most common reproductive cancer in women. it occurs most commonly between the ages of 35 and 45 years but […]

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TEST BANK

TEST BANK

Chapter 1: Health Promotion and Disease Prevention MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The nurse explains that the belief advancing the idea that disease is a result of an organically caused disorder is the a.    biomedical model. b.    biopsychosocial theory. c.    Dunn’s high-level wellness model. d.    Travis’ health model. Answer:    A The biomedical model describes disease as an organically […]

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DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR DISEASE

DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR DISEASE

Disseminated intravascular coagulation, formerly termed as disseminated intravascular coagulopathy, is not a disease but a sign of an underlying condition. DIC may be triggered by sepsis, trauma, cancer, shock, abruptio placenta, toxins or allergic reactions. The severity of DIC is variable, but it is potentially life-threatening. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY  Normal homeostatic mechanism are altered in DIC so […]

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Pulmonary Emphysema

Pulmonary Emphysema

Pulmonary emphysema is defined as a nonuniform pattern of abnormal, permanent distention of the air spaces  with destruction of the alveolar walls and eventually a reduced pulmonary capillary bed. It appears to be the end stage of a process that has progressed slowly for many years. Smoking is the major cause. In a few patients, […]

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Anemia, Megaloblastic (Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid Deficiency)

Anemia, Megaloblastic (Vitamin B12 and Folic Acid Deficiency)

The anemias caused by deficiencies of the vitamins B12 and folic acid show identical bone marrow and peripheral blood changes. Both vitamins are essential for DNA synthesis. Pathophysiology The two main vitamin deficiencies may coexist. In each case, hyperplasia of the bone marrow occurs, and the precursor erythroid and myeloid cells are large and bizarre […]

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Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus

    Diabetes insipidus is a disorder of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland due to a deficiency of vasopressin, the antidiuretic hormone (ADH). it is characterized by polydipsia and polyuria. Diabetes insipidus may be (1) secondary, related to head trauma, brain tumor, or surgical ablation or irradiation of the pituitary gland or infection […]

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