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Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes Insipidus

    Diabetes insipidus is a disorder of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland due to a deficiency of vasopressin, the antidiuretic hormone (ADH). it is characterized by polydipsia and polyuria. Diabetes insipidus may be (1) secondary, related to head trauma, brain tumor, or surgical ablation or irradiation of the pituitary gland or infection […]

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Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a group of mtabolic disorders characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) resulting from defects in insulin production and secretion, decreased cellular response to insulin, or both. Hyperglycemia may lead to metabolic complications, such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). Long-term hyperglycemia may contribute to chronic microvascular […]

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Cushing’s Syndrome

Cushing’s Syndrome

Cushing’s syndrome results from excessive adrenocortical activity. It may result from excessive administration of corticosteroids or adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) or from hyperplasia of the adrenal cortex. It may be caused by several mechanism, including a tumor in the pituitary gland or less commonly an ectopic malignancy that produces ACTH. Regardless of the  cause, the negative […]

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Addison’s Disease (Primary Adrenocortical Insufficiency)

Addison’s Disease (Primary Adrenocortical Insufficiency)

Addison’s disease is caused by a deficiency of cortical hormone. It results when the adrenal cortex function is inadequate to meet the patient’s need for cortical hormones. Autoimmune or idiopathic atrophy of the adrenal glands is responsible for 80% to 90% of cases. Other causes include surgical removal of both adrenal glands or infection (tuberculosis […]

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Nursing Management

Nursing Management

Nursing Management Nursing Responsibility Assessment Administration of ordered medications and therapy Assessment of reaction/outcome to medications Teaching Evaluation of teaching effectiveness Nursing Process Assessment Gather data: history and physical assessment Nursing diagnosis Draw a conclusion from the assessment data that was gathered Intervention Formulate a plan of care that includes actions to improve or maintain […]

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Anemia

Anemia

Anemia is a condition of lower-than-normal red blood cell (RBC)  count and hemoglobin (Hgb) level. It is often not a specific disease state but a sign of an underlying disorder. Anemia results in a diminished amount of oxygen delivery to body tissues.  There are many different kinds of anemia, but all can be classified as […]

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Angina Pectoris

Angina Pectoris

Angina pectoris is a clinical syndrome characterized by paroxysms of pain or a feeling of pressure in the anterior chest. The cause is insufficient blood flow, resulting in an inadequate supply of oxygen to meet the myocardial demand.  angina is usually the result of atherosclerotic (a form of arteriosclerosis characterized by the deposition of atheromatous […]

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How Dangerous is Placenta Previa?

How Dangerous is Placenta Previa?

My sister got pregnant  with her second baby and experienced bleeding during her 1st trimester.The doctor’s findings was placenta previa. She was advised to have bed rest and avoid heavy household chores. During her 2nd trimester, she had bleeding again. She was admitted to the hospital and put on under observation. The doctor told us […]

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Constipation

Constipation

Constipation refers to an abnormal infrequency or irregularity of defecation, abnormal hardening of stools that makes their passage difficult and sometimes painful, decrease in stool volume, or prolonged retention of stool in the rectum. This types is referred to as colonic constipation. It can be caused by certain medications; rectal or anal disorders; obstruction; metabolic, […]

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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV infection)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV infection)

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is defined as the most severe form of a continuum of illnesses associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV belongs to a group of viruses known as retroviruses. These viruses carry their genetic material in the form of ribonucleic acid (RNA) rather than deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Infection with HIV occurs […]

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