Archive | July, 2012
Huntington’s Disease

Huntington’s Disease

Huntington;s disease is a chronic, hereditary disease of the nervous system that results in progressive involuntary choreiform (dance-like) movements and dementia.  Researchers believe that glutamine abnormally collects in certain brain cell nuclei, causing cell death.  Huntington’s disease affects men and women of all races. It is transmitted as an autosomal dominant genetic disorder. Each child […]

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Hodgkin’s Disease

Hodgkin’s Disease

Hodgkin’s disease is a rare cancer of unknown cause that is unicentric in origin and spreads along the lymphatic system. There is a familial pattern associated with Hodkin’s as well as an association with the Epstein-Barr virus (found 40% to 50% of patients). It is more common in men and tends to peak in the […]

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Hyperthyroidism (Grave’s disease)

Hyperthyroidism (Grave’s disease)

Hyperthyroidism is the second most common endocrine disorder and Grave’s disease is the most common type. It results from an excessive output of thyroid hormones due to abnormal stimulation of the thyroid gland  by circulating immunoglobulins. Long-acting thyroid stimulator (LATS) is found significant in concentrations in the serum of many of these patients. The disorder […]

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Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a slowly progressive degenerative  neurologic disorder affecting the brain center that are responsible for control and regulation of movement. The degenerative or idiopathic form of Parkinson’s disease is the most common; there is also a secondary form with a known or suspected cause. The cause of the disease is mostly unknown. The […]

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Cancer of the Cervix

Cancer of the Cervix

               Cancer of the cervix is predominantly (90%) squamous cell cancer and can include adenocarcinomas. It is less common than it once was because of early detection by the Pap test, but it remains the third most common reproductive cancer in women. it occurs most commonly between the ages of 35 and 45 years but […]

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1.3 Superficial dissection, female pectoral region

1.3 Superficial dissection, female pectoral region

On the specimen’s right side, the skin is removed; on the left side, the breast is sagittally sectioned. The breast extends from the 2nd to the 6th ribs. The axillary process (tail) of the breast consists of glandular tissue projecting toward the axilla. The region of loose connective tissue between the pectoral fascia and the […]

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1.2 Superficial dissection, male pectoral region

1.2 Superficial dissection, male pectoral region

The platysma muscle, which descends to the 2nd or 3rd rib, is cut short on the right side of the specimen; together with the supraclavicular nerves, it is reflected on the left side. The thin pectoral fascia covers the pectoralis major. The clavicle lies deep to the subcutaneous tissue and the platysma muscle. The cephalic […]

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1.1 Surface anatomy of male pectoral region

1.1 Surface anatomy of male pectoral region

The subject is adducting the shoulders against resistance to demonstrate the pectoralis major muscle. The pectoralis major muscle has two parts, the sternocostal and clavicular heads. The anterior axillary fold is formed by the inferior border of the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major muscle. The axillary fossa (“armpit”) is a surface feature overlying a […]

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